Petrozene™ is an additive that improves the viscosity during oil shipment and in storage and the percentage of Petrozene™ required to achieve the desired viscosity can be significantly less than other methods or materials.
Viscosity is the measure of a liquids resistance to flow, or its “thickness”. The greater the viscosity, the more the fluid resists flow. With regards to oil, crude oil API gravity 48 (condensate) has a viscosity of 3.8cst at 60 F whereas a crude oil with an API gravity 13 has a viscosity of 5400 cst at 60 F. In other words, the 13 gravity oil is 1350 times more viscous. The viscosity is similar to the viscosity of first drip molasses.
Viscosity is a very important factor with regards to oil production. The simple explanation is that it is more difficult to flow thick, high viscosity oil. Historically, heavy oil reserves which abound in North America, have been bypassed for lighter oils due the problems associated with production and refining. Even if the oil is capable of being produced from the well, the oil was often unable to travel by pipeline to refineries due to the thickness, or could only be transported or produced during the summer months when the viscosity was lowered by radiant heat. Methods used in the past to decrease the viscosity of the oil in the pipelines have included pipeline heaters or even adding low viscosity condensate at high concentrations (up to 25%) in order to thin the oil.
Petrozene™ provides an economically viable method for improving viscosity. Petrozene™ accomplishes its task by breaking down the large hydrocarbon chains without harming the oil quality. With a reduction in oil viscosity water and sediment can quickly and easily separate from the crude, resulting in saleable oil without the need of using hot oil trucks, heating the oil or steam injection.